Headache, what can you do?

Headache

 

Causes

THE CAUSES

There is no specific cause for headaches.

The main causes are: migraine headaches, sinusitis, fever, trauma and high blood pressure.

Sign & Symptoms

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS

Headache is a very common symptom.

However, the location, context, medical history can easily help the doctor find an etiology.

For example, accompanying signs can be alarming and may lead to an emergency:

Jet vomiting, high fever and stiffness in the neck may suggest meningitis. Sudden headaches, at their worst, may evoke a meningeal hemorrhage…

But in the majority of cases, the causes are benign and the symptoms disappear within a few hours.

Check my symptoms

 

headache

Treatment

THE TREATMENTS

The treatment is that of pain: paracetamol (1 gram, 4 times a day). But also that of the cause (treatment of tension, emptying the nose, treatment of fever…).

In case of migraine, there are also several simple, non-drug gestures to relieve headaches: move to a dark, quiet room, lie down, close your eyes and try not to move your head. Someone can massage your head at the temples and put a cold towel on your forehead.

Consult

WHEN SHOULD I SEE A DOCTOR?

It is necessary to consult when your headaches are frequent or do not stop 24 hours after taking medication. The doctor will carry out a precise interrogation and examination to know the appearance, frequency, associated symptoms, medications already taken, etc…

Prevent

HOW TO PREVENT HEADACHES?

Each cause of headache is specific, so is its prevention.

For example, in the case of migraine headaches, it is advisable to avoid stress, coffee, lack of sleep…

what to not do

WHAT NOT TO DO

Repeated and prolonged use of medication, even paracetamol, without knowing the possible cause(s). After 4 days without an identified cause, it is important to consult.

what you need to know

 WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW

Except in specific cases, in the vast majority of cases, interrogation and clinical examination are sufficient to establish a diagnosis and initiate treatment. Complementary examinations (X-rays, MRIs, scans, etc.) are prescribed only rarely.

Docteur

Doctor Yohan Servais, General Practitioner

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